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Academic學術組 TASK 1 圖表題 寫作架構解析
Academic學術組 TASK 2 申論題(1) 寫作架構總論
Academic學術組 TASK 2 申論題(2) Argument Essay題型示範
Academic學術組 TASK 2 申論題(3) Problem/Solution Essay題型示範
Academic學術組TASK1寫作示範
General Training一般訓練組TASK1寫作示範
General Training一般訓練組各類書信綱要提示
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Academic學術組 TASK 1 圖表題 寫作架構解析
 
TASK 1 圖表題
寫作架構:
  • (1)Introduction (即將題目換句話說,換越多字越好)
  • (2)* Main trend
    * A圖的次要趨勢及上升/下降細節說明
  • (3)B圖的次要趨勢及上升/下降細節說明
  • (4)A和B圖之間的比較或相對應關係(重要!!!)
  • (5)Conclusion(將main trend換句話再更簡單扼要說一次)
Introduction建議寫法
這個真的很好用!!!不管任何題目第一句考慮直接套用就對了!!!
Given is/are + the/one/two diagram
chart
illustration
figure
table
demonstrating
showing
revealing
highlighting
displaying
圖主要內容

字彙的替換,會在題目那邊最常出現的大概有以下幾個重要的字…



文章來源: Selena Chen
   
Academic學術組 TASK 2 申論題(1) 寫作架構總論
 
寫作架構總論
Task 2基本上分成兩種題目類型
一是問說"to what extent do you agree or disagree或for or against"的argument
另一種是給情境,希望你提出意見或解決方法的problem-oriented opinion/suggestion

這裡先說關於兩種題型我的寫法,另外會有文章以我的練習作業當例子說明(將近400字).

Argument 建議寫作段落順序如下--
  • Introduction
    將題目中的主要陳述或議題簡單換句話說,當作接下來文章的引言. 就如同我們看小說時,常會在最前面有個序或提供的時代背景一樣.
  • Agree or For
    • (a)topic sentence
      先把正面的作法或意見用完整句子帶出,在段落一開始當主軸呈現.
    • (b)reasons
      為什麼同意或贊成,給出1-2個明確的理由.
    • (c)example
      舉例支持前面的論述,不論是自身經驗或從別處學習獲知的都可以.
      若真的想不出例子,臨場創造一個也未不可,只要別太扯.
  • Disagree or Against
    • (a)topic sentence
    • (b)reasons
    • (c)example
  • Conclusion
    表明自己的立場,到底是完全/部分+贊成/反對中的哪一種,用一句話總結原因.
    最後再用1-2句當作補充…


文章來源: Selena Chen
   
Academic學術組 TASK 2 申論題(2) Argument Essay題型示範
 
Argument Essay題型示範
以下將對應上篇文章所提到的架構來看我的assignment. 開頭及結尾段中的主體將會用顏色標出,表示這將是model template中應該替換之處.

題目--
In many countries, gay marriage is illegal.
What are the arguments for and against?

Introduction
The tide of gay marriage has ebbed and flowed over the past decade with no end in sight. Seeing that marriage locates squarely at the intersection of law, society and religion, the debate over the validity of homosexual marriage has abidingly been one of the most complicated,obscure and attention-getting issues.

Agree or For
A great deal of people are strongly in favor of the legitimacy of marriage for same-sex couples on the basis of several reasons.<-Topic Sentence Firstly,…



文章來源: Selena Chen
   
Academic學術組 TASK 2 申論題(3) Problem/Solution Essay題型示範
 
Problem/Solution Essay題型示範
以下同樣將對應之前文章所提到的架構來看我的assignment.

題目--
People often resist making changes.
What kind of solution do you think can be used on this problem?

Introduction
People withstand alterations in their lives as a matter of course, which may inevitably lead to plenty of variant knotty problems. <-topic sentence Namely, one is that no subtle improvement will ever possibly be made for the cause that human beings tend to stick firmly to what they are familiar with instead of creating differences on the strength of extra energy consumption, no matter physically or mentally. <-cause 1 Inertia might perhaps result in stagnation in various perspectives, preventing the person from striving forward. <-effect 1 Moreover,....



文章來源: Selena Chen
   
Academic學術組TASK1寫作示範
 

1.

  The diagrams below show the various kinds of water found on the earth and how it is used in three different countries. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
   

2.

  The diagrams below show the population of various parts of the world and their government spending on education.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
   

3.

  The bar chart below shows the number of male and female students studying at secondary and higher levels of education across Europe, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and East Asia.
Write a report for a university lecturer comparing and contrasting the information from the two charts below.
 

4.

  The table below shows the information about the metro system in six cities.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
   
5.
  The trend line graph shows the percentage of people who have criminal records at different ages of both males and females, and the pie chart indicates the percentage of males and females in prison in the UK in 2000.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
   
   
General Training一般訓練組TASK1寫作示範
 

1.

Write a letter to complain about a situation in which some adolescents let their dogs run wildly causing dangerous.
Sample(by Robert Babic)
   

2.

You had a good meal in a local restaurant with your family. Write a letter to the newspaper to tell them about it, describe the meal you had, and why you think the restaurant is worth visiting?
Sample (by Josh Wells)
   

3.

You cannot go to a company where you got an offer. Write a letter to the HR supervisor to
(1) Explain the reason why you decline the offer
(2) Express you gratitude
(3) Explain you like your current job very much.
Sample (by Josh Wells)
   

4.

Your car is hired from a company and while you are driving on holiday, you have a small accident. You will have to write a report to the company to explain it.
You need to explain the following:
(1) When and where you hired it?
(2) Describe how the accident happened?
(3) What kind of action did you take after the accident?
Sample (by Josh Wells)
   
5. You will move to a new city for work. You know some people who live there.
 Ask them for help finding accommodation
 Tell them where you would like to live
 Tell them the type of place you are looking for
Sample (Miles Smith)
   
General Training一般訓練組各類書信綱要提示
 
各類書信 綱要提示
<About Invitations關於邀請函>
邀請函通常不外乎是和喜事相關,邀請親朋好友一同參與聚會或慶祝派對,或是商業工作等的各種宴會,甚至是學校的活動….等。
邀請函的主要元素,當然是告知邀請的原因與慶祝的方式、受邀人名、邀請者、時間、地點,有時甚至加入一些特殊的參加要求 (如請自備飲料,或請勿攜兒童參加..等)、地圖、如何停車、服裝要求(dress code)…也會是備註欄常見的訊息。
  SAMPLE
 
Useful phrases邀請函常見用語
The Whole family is welcome!
Food, drinks and entertainment will be provided.
We look forward to hearing from you soon, and hope that you will be able to attend.
 
 
<About Complaints關於抱怨信>
陳述重點:
(1) 簡單,清楚,且公平的敘述事情發生的經過。 (包含發生地點、人名與時間)
(2) 你的要求或期望---對方的反應與解決之道。
(3) 語氣用字儘量禮貌,不要用過多的情緒上負面的字據。
(4) 強調你相信對方會給你一個滿意的達負或解決方案或賠償。
(5) 清楚註明如何與你聯絡 (電話、地址)。
 
Opening Lines:
> I’m writing to inform you that…
> This letter is to express my dissatisfaction with…
> This letter is a complaint concerning…
  SAMPLE
 
<About interview關於求職信 –Cover page>
Cover letter的簡單模式:
 
Your name
Address
Date

Name of employer (Use individual's name)
Employer's Address

Dear ______________,

  SAMPLE
 
<Reference Letter關於推薦信>
推薦信不外乎是推薦自己的學生,職員給相關人士,以得到學校或公司的加分效果,通常文章以該信的訴求點闡明被推薦者的長處,個性特色,以及推薦人所確定或一同經歷的成就或成功之例。推薦人與被推薦人之間的緊密關係,以及推薦人希望收文單位或人士能給予被推薦者正面期待。
簡單扼要的陳述被推薦人的能力,實力與貢獻,達到加分效果即可,切勿說些無關緊要或過於求情的字眼,更不要誇張或不實的推薦,這樣會造成質疑和反效果。
  SAMPLE
   
 
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